Other common names include mountain dogwood and western flowering dogwood. Ord., Cornaceae. Cornus florida, commonly known as flowering dogwood, is a small deciduous tree that typically grows 15-30’ tall with a low-branching, broadly-pyramidal but somewhat flat-topped habit. Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark. Soil: Well-draining. ... First, the plant is patented (PI 7204) with the official cultivar name of "Rutdan," a name never used in any public forum discussing the plant. Although rooting success can be as high as 50–85%, this technique is not commonly used by commercial growers. Dogwoods are used as food plants by the larvae of some species of butterflies and moths, including the emperor moth, the engrailed, the small angle shades, and the following case-bearers of the genus Coleophora: C. ahenella, C. salicivorella (recorded on Cornus canadensis), C. albiantennaella, C. cornella and C. cornivorella, with the latter three all feeding exclusively on Cornus. USDA Hardiness Zone: 2-7. The scientific name for this tree is Cornus nuttallii. It’s scientific name is Cornus florida. 'Appalachian Spring' – large white bracts; red fall foliage; resistant to dogwood. Dogwood, the common name of many of the larger of the forty or so species frequently cultivated, of hardy shrubs, trees and herbs that comprise the genus Cornus (family Cornaceae). [3] The tree is commonly planted as an ornamental in residential and public areas because of its showy bracts and interesting bark structure. Common Name: Dogwood: Scientific Name: Cornus sanguinea: Sun Tolerance: Full Sun: Height: 2–6 m (7–20 ft) Spread: 2-3 m (7–10 ft) Growth Rate: Moderate Flowering dogwood does best horticulturally in moist, acidic soil in a site with some afternoon shade, but good morning sun. Starlight Chinese Dogwood is a multi-stemmed deciduous tree with a stunning habit of growth which features almost oriental horizontally-tiered branches. The species has been used in the production of inks, scarlet dyes, and as a quinine substitute. Cornus kousa, commonly called Kousa dogwood, is a small, deciduous flowering tree or multi-stemmed shrub that typically grows 15-30’ tall, with a vase-shaped habit in the early years but eventually maturing to a more rounded form. Cornus sanguinea commonly known as Dogwood or European Dogwood is native to most of Europe and western Asia.It is usually no more than a bush, but it can form a small shrubs tree. [7], Various species of Cornus, particularly the flowering dogwood (Cornus florida), are ubiquitous in American gardens and landscaping; horticulturist Donald Wyman stated, "There is a dogwood for almost every part of the U.S. except the hottest and driest areas". Width : 4 to 6 feet. Gledhill, David (2008). Cornus florida, the flowering dogwood, is a species of flowering tree in the family Cornaceae native to eastern North America and northern Mexico. Red Osier Dogwood Scientific Name: Cornus stolonifera. Scientific name: Cornus sanguinea. Mature trees can grow to 10m. Common Name : tatarian dogwood. Learn about more than Common Name, Scientific Name, Family Name Dogwood, Cloud 9, Cornus florida.Cloud 9. They typically flower in early April in the southern part of their range, to late April or early May in northern and high altitude areas. [18] Rooting of up to 83% can be obtained when 5–7 week-old microshoots are then transferred to WPM amended with 4.9 µmol/L IBA. Red twig dogwood scientific name ads/article.txt While both the tree and the shrub belong to the cornus genus red twig dogwoods never grow to become trees. Web. pp. USDA hardiness zones: 5A through 9A. [35] As the story goes, during the time of Jesus, the dogwood was larger and stronger than it is today and was the largest tree in the area of Jerusalem. Scientific name: Cornus sanguinea. "Dogwood or cornel." Range map for Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. The flowering dogwood is usually included in the dogwood genus Cornus as Cornus florida L., although it is sometimes treated in a separate genus as Benthamidia florida (L.) Spach. Scientific name: Cornus florida. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2006. Dogwood wood is an excellent substitute for persimmon wood in the heads of certain golf clubs ("woods"). It can be seen growing wild along woodland edges and hedgerows. [24] The red berries are not edible, despite some rumors otherwise. Continent of Origin: North America. [3] Most are deciduous trees or shrubs, but a few species are nearly herbaceous perennial subshrubs, and a few of the woody species are evergreen. '70 Common Name: PACIFIC DOGWOOD. Around 20 flowers are produced in a dense, rounded, umbel-shaped inflorescence, or flower-head, 1–2 cm (0.39–0.79 in) in diameter. The maximum lifespan of C. florida is about 80 years. [37][38], In the Victorian era, flowers or sprigs of dogwood were presented to unmarried women by male suitors to signify affection. Hartmann, HT, DE Kester, FT Davies, RL Geneve. The flowers are individually small and inconspicuous, with four greenish-yellow bracts 4 mm (0.16 in) long. Description Red Twig Dogwood is best known for its bright red winter stems which add color when it is needed most. … Credo Reference. Flowering dogwood is monoecious, meaning the tree has both male and female flowers, and all trees will produce fruit. Scientific Name: Cornus alba. The drupes of species in the subgenera Cornus are edible. flowering dogwood, Cornus florida. Scientific Name; BEFL: Benthamidia florida (L.) Spach: CYFL7: Cynoxylon floridum (L.) Raf. Common name(s): Flowering dogwood. Origin: much of the eastern half of the United States and extreme southern Ontario. In regions where dogwood anthracnose is a problem, homeowners and public land managers are encouraged to know the symptoms and inspect trees frequently. Dogwood, any of the shrubs, trees, or herbs of the genus Cornus, in the dogwood family (Cornaceae), native to Europe, eastern Asia, and North America. Tree Size: 30-40 ft (9-12 m) tall, 1-1.3 ft (.3-.4 m) trunk diameter. Scientific name: Cornus florida Pronunciation: KOR-nus FLOR-ih-duh Common name(s): Flowering dogwood Family: Cornaceae USDA hardiness zones: 5A through 9A Origin: much of the eastern half of the United States and extreme southern Ontario UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status: native Uses: deck or patio; screen; specimen; shade; tree lawn 3–4 feet wide; tree lawn 4–6 feet wide; tree lawn > 6 feet wide While the cherry blossom trees survived the ensuing sour relations of these two countries and are the main feature of the National Cherry Blossom Festival, all dogwood trees in Tokyo died except the one that had been planted in an agriculture high school. Bloom occurs in late spring. [5][6] Another, earlier name of the dogwood in English, is the "whipple-tree". Dead wood and leaves should be pruned and completely removed and destroyed yearly. Woods of the eastern half of North America . Dogwood in Spanish can be different from Dogwood in English. In the winter, its brilliant red branches provide a much-needed pop of color. Origin: native. Height : 4 to 6 feet. Red twig dogwood cornus sericea elrondperedhil getty images this medium sized shrub also known as red osier dogwood will stand out in your landscape with stems that start turning red at the end of summer or beginning of fall. A 10-year-old tree will stand about 5 m (16 ft) tall. An endemic population once spanned from southernmost coastal Maine south to northern Florida and west to the Mississippi River. The hero Aeneas attempts to break off boughs to decorate an altar, but instead the wood drips with black blood. For other uses, see, genus of flowering plants in the dogwood family Cornaceae. A tincture of this bark may be made of eight ounces of the bark to one pint of dilute alcohol. Wilson: COPA23: Cornus paniculata L'Hér. Red-osier Dogwood has also been used somewhat frequently in landscape plantings, most notably with various cultivars like "Baileyi", which has curly hairs instead of straight. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). 17 September 2012. Dogwoods are widely planted horticulturally, and the dense wood of the larger-stemmed species is valued for certain specialized purposes. Soil Preference --- Moist / Well Drained. New York: Columbia University Press, 2008. [citation needed], The term "dogwood winter", in colloquial use in the American Southeast, is sometimes used to describe a cold snap in spring, presumably because farmers believed it was not safe to plant their crops until after the dogwoods blossomed. Scale, leaf miner and borers are occasional insect pests. Scientific Name: Cornus florida. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) and its inflorescence are the state tree and the state flower respectively for the U.S. Commonwealth of Virginia. racemosa (Lam.) Proposal to change the usage label and to add the scientific name. [23][24][25] Geographical ranges as native plants are given below. Close up of a flower cluster showing the four pale green petals on each flower. The first kinds of laminated tennis rackets were also made from this wood, cut into thin strips. Browse the Tree Database. Mature Size: Up to 10 feet tall. Cornus sericea L. – redosier dogwood. Other Cornus species are stoloniferous shrubs that grow naturally in wet habitats and along waterways. It is at home on the very dry chalk escarpment, but likely to be found infrequently on most lime-rich soils, either in isolation or as part of a hedgerow, thicket or game covert. In many species, the flowers are borne separately in open (but often dense) clusters, while in various other species (such as the flowering dogwood), the flowers themselves are tightly clustered, lacking showy petals, but surrounded by four to six large, typically white petal-like bracts. 769. Culture : Best grown in organically rich, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. [30], The inflorescence of the Pacific dogwood (Cornus nuttallii) is the official flower of the province of British Columbia. Cultivars and Varieties: Cornus alba 'Sibirica'-Siberian Dogwood, Cornus alba 'Kesselringii'-Black Stem Dogwood, Cornus alba ‘Elegantissima’-White Dogwood. University of Connecticut Plant Database: United States Department of Agriculture, National Forest Service: University of California @ Davis, Integrated Pest Management Online: Dogwood pest management, Cornell University, Integrated Pest Management, Dogwood Borer, United States Department of Agriculture, National Forest Service, St. Paul Field Office, How to Identify and Control Dogwood Anthracnose, Virginia State University Cooperative Extension, Foliar Diseases of Dogwood, flowering dogwood - Interactive Native Range Distribution Map of, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cornus_florida&oldid=994684507, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Cornus florida, the flowering dogwood, is a species of flowering tree in the family Cornaceae native to eastern North America and northern Mexico. Scientific name ---- Cornus alternifolia a.k.a Pagoda dogwood. Credo Reference. The selection of healthy, disease-free planting stock is essential and transplanting trees from the forest should be avoided. Common name: Variegated Red Twig Dogwood Scientific name: Cornus alba 'Elegantissima', Cornus alba 'Elegantissima' Plant type: Shrubs Habit: Bushy Height: 1.5m - 3m Spread: 1.5m - 3m Foliage: Deciduous Foliage color: Variegated (autumn), Variegated (spring), Variegated (summer) Flower color: White Stem color: Red Fruit color: White Season of interest: Spring, Summer, … Cornus kousa and Cornus mas are sold commercially as edible fruit trees. "Cretaceous origin of dogwoods: an anatomically preserved, "Notable Characteristics of Dogwood Trees", "Species level phylogeny of the genus Cornus (Cornaceae) based on molecular and morphological evidence—implications for taxonomy and Tertiary intercontinental migration", "Haplotyping of Cornus florida and C. kousa chloroplasts: Insights into species-level differences and patterns of plastic DNA variation in cultivars", "Tropicos | Name - Cornus peruviana J.F. From plantings beyond their native ranges, but good morning sun bark to one pint of dilute alcohol -- Cornus. Proclaims that the dreariness of winter is at an end southern England Moisture: dry plant... Cornea summo virgulta et densis hastilibus horrida myrtus autumnal leaves of dogwood make this shrub... `` dogwood '' by 1614, well-drained soils in Full sun: Moisture: wet plant. ( s ): dogwood, scientific name: Cornus ; flowering dogwood is grown widely throughout the world! 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