With an area of 50,949 square miles (131,958 square kilometers), Greece is roughly the size of Alabama. Other religions (1%) Religion in Greece is dominated by the Greek Orthodox Church, which is within the larger communion of the Eastern Orthodox Church. Some cities built more than one temple to honor the same god. Greeks are responsible for introducing many literary forms and were pioneers in in many professional fields such as physics, philosophy, history, geometry, and biology. Although it may be common to speak of a Greek "religion," in fact the Greeks themselves didn't use such a term and might not have recognized it had someone else attempted to apply it to their practices. It’s believed the first Ancient Greek civilisations were formed nearly 4,000 years ago (approximately 1600 BC) by the mighty Mycenaeansof Crete (a Greek Island). Hera 7. The Ancient Greek Empire spread from Greece through Europe and, in 800 BC, the Greeks started to split their land into city-states, each with its own laws, customs and rulers. Ancient Greek civilization, the period following Mycenaean civilization, which ended about 1200 BCE, to the death of Alexander the Great, in 323 BCE. Now there were different cities which would worship the different gods and the goddesses. Hence the spirit would haunt the face of the earth forever. This religion unified the Greeks, and made them more productive in the arts, architecture, and politics. The Ancient Greeks lived around 3,500 years ago their legacy shapes the world we live in today. They had no a special religious ideologues. Now a widespread area of the underworld was the region of Hayes. Animal sacrifice, harvest offerings, festivals, games, processions, dance, plays, in honor of the gods. Although the religions of the ancient Greeks and Romans are virtually extinct in their original forms, they live on in the cultures, imaginations, and even the religions of the modern western world. 90. The Greeks were described by Christians as pagans (believers in multiple gods). There have been 14 main Greek goddesses and gods which include Zeus, Poseidon, Hera, Apollo, Aphrodite, Artemis, Ares, Hephaestus, Dionysus, Athena, Demeter, Hades, and Hermes. Religion; Sports; All Interesting Facts; Geography; Europe; Greece Facts; 86 Interesting Greece Facts. Apart from sacrifices and ceremonies, ancient Greek religion also had a lot of temples which were built in the name of the different gods. People would bring offerings, usually food, to the temples when they prayed. Ancient Greece had a complex system of government as each of its urban communities had its own way of ruling, and the idea of rule by majority was born over a period of time in response to a series of localized political and … The Greeks believed that these gods and goddesses controlled everything in their lives and the environment. The ancient Greeks believed in gods who were involved in all aspects of human life—work, theater, justice, politics, marriage, battle. There was no distinction between the sacred and secular: What we now call religion was intertwined with daily life and the state. Temples: The ancient Greeks worshiped their gods every day, and they believed in a great many gods! Dionysos These Olympian go… The religious customs of ancient Greece varied greatly from place to place and among the different classes. Religion wasn't simply a part of the lives of the ancient Greeks and the ancient Romans; religion was the lens through which they understood the universe and all the events within it. The ancient Greeks believed that the human qualities could be found in the gods and goddesses. Published February 3, 2017 Updated April 3, 2020. © 2004-2020 ReligionFacts. Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history that lasted from the … They loved more a myth and performed a cult. Ares 10. People had special places in their homes where they could pray to the gods. Keres - evil female spirits 3. They also believed that if they did not hold a funeral for the departed, then the soul of that person would never get the chance to reach that underworld. Greek religion was a mixture of old Minoan beliefs, Central Asian gods that the Yamnaya brought to Greece, West Asian ideas and African ideas they got from their neighbors. These groups varied enough for it to be possible to speak of Greek religions or "cults" in the plural, though most of them shared similarities. Medusa –a winged female monster with hair made of snakes. The most important gods, though, were the Olympian gods led by Zeus: 1. The third area was called Elysium where all those who were victorious went to. | About Us | How to Cite | Contact Us | Privacy Policy | Advertising Info. These ceremonies were usually devoted to a particular god, or a particular statue or even a group of gods. Some have linked the rise of the genre to an earlier art form, the lyrical performance of epic poetry. Indeed, the ancient Greeks are regarded as very intellectual, and their civilisation is one of the richest in the ancient world. Demeter 9. The Greek Empire was most powerful between 2000 BC and 146 BC. You would even have animal sacrifices at times. Satyrs – half-man, half-goat nature spirits who dwelled in woods and mountains and were lusty followers of Dionysus 5. Aphrodite 8. Religion was deeply rooted in the life of ancient Egyptians. There was no separation of church and state. Greek religion consisted of the religious beliefs and practices, such as prayers and rituals, of the ancient Greeks. Another fact about ancient Greece – they invented the yo-yo. The gods of this ancient Greek pantheon were very human. Copyright © 2020 Ancient Greece Facts.com. The sacrifices were restricted to the domestic animals, which were done at the altar accompanied by prayers and hymns. The Greeks saw the gods and their powers in a similar war, having the powers split up among many gods, rather than one god with all the powers. Zeus 2. The ancient Greeks were much indulged in dark theological thinking. One of the most famous ones is that of Zeus which is at Olympia. Artemis 11. They were human in form and they experienced human emotions (such as: love, hate, jealousy, lust, worry). It is widely accepted that Athens was the birthplace of a vote-based system of government, and despite several hypotheses to the contrary, Athens remains the inspiration for later democracies. During 332-275 B.C. NAMED AFTER A DEITY IN THE ANCIENT GREEK RELIGION. The exact origins of tragedy (tragōida) are debated amongst scholars. Send an E-mail. Priests were assisted by attendants. RELIGION IN ANCIENT GREECE Sacrifice of a pig The Greeks had no word for religion. Greek religion Facts. Hermes 6. People were free to worship whichever gods were most relevant to their lives. In the ancient world, "religion" and "philosophy" were not completely distinct entities. The courier is named after the Greek Deity 'Hermes' - who in the ancient Greek religion acted as the protector of human heralds, travelers, merchants, and orators. 1-5 Ancient Greece Facts 1. If they did not have any gods, not one would take care of them in the dead world. We are not associated with any religion or organization. Polytheism. Others suggest a strong link with the rituals performed in the worship of Dionysos such as the sacrifice of goats - a song ritual called trag-ōdia - and the wearing of masks. The religious beliefs of the ancient Greek culture were well defined. This comes from the ancient Greek name for the country – Hellas. In the month before the ancient Olympics, no wars were permitted so that spectators could travel from across Greece … Zeus was the king of gods, but he did not rule alone, and needed help from the other gods. The offering would constantly be given to the deities by the priests who were appointed by the people. This area was ruled by a god who was called Hades. 18 Interesting Facts About Ancient Greece You Probably Didn't Know Culture > History-Added on 17 October 2016, 16:13, Updated on 25 October 2016, 21:21. 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