Over-dependence on staff will make line officers less creative. 3. The line officers, on the other hand, complain of interference by staff persons in the day-to-day working. Advice Ignored: As the staff officers lack authority to put their recommendations into practice, their advice may be ignored by the line executives. The Personal Assistant or the Private Secretary etc. When staff officers try to guide line persons in implementing the programmes then they are accused of interference. This is because each department manager is concerned only with the activities of his own department. The advice of staff should be realistic and practicable. 5. But the Staff Managers give an indirect contribution by providing advice and expertise on it. 2. The viewpoints of both line and staff of this conflict are given below: A. The staff authority is assigned the following functions: It has to discharge the functions such as: It has to help in co-ordination of work among different departments. The staff officers feel ignored at the hands of line officers. (c) Staff officers do not remain contended by giving advice only. They have the same background as that of line officers. Opportunities for Advancement. (iv) Advice given by the staff is not always sound. This type of organization was followed in the military so this is also called as the military organization. Small and medium concerns cannot afford line and staff organisation because of its expensive nature. 1. They trespass their field of activity and enter the area meant for line people. Prohibited Content 3. The separation of functions of ‘planning’ and ‘doing’ also helps in creating more and more job opportunities. These are technically qualified persons who provide service to the whole organisation. The staff can also be used to investigate and advise on inter-departmental relationships. (d) Staff officers do not have authority to implement their ideas. 3. The blame for unsuccessful tasks is thrust on line managers even though they act on the advice of the staff. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. They are attached to important functionaries as their deputies, etc. It is complicated for the top level management to handle the subordinates of line and staff. Above mentioned are a few advantages and disadvantages of staff training, benefits, and the importance of staff training. Conflict between Line and Staff: One more important disadvantage is the conflict between the line and staff officers. Every company has an organizational structure. Matrix organization for a small and large business: An outline, advantages, disadvantages, conclusion. Overlapping of functions will create confusion and disorder among employees. The line officers become habituated for advice on staff. This staff consists of persons attached to the key executives. There is a lack of responsibility for staff officials. 3. Staff experience can provide a great deal of credibility with colleagues when a manager switches from a staff role to a line role. Read this article to learn about the types, functions, advantages and conflicts of line and staff organisation. Line should value the special skills of staff and similarly the staff should try to appreciate the difficulties in implementing new ideas. Sound Decisions: In this type, the decisions are made by experts and hence, there is a possibility of making sound managerial decisions. There is a lack of understanding and both try to dominate each other. So important are both line and staff roles in a large organization that it’s difficult to be an effective leader without having experienced both. This may tempt them to give rash or theoretical advice. Title: advantages and disadvantages of line follower and obstacle detection robot Page Link: advantages and disadvantages of line … Flexibility: Staff can be added to the line and new activities may be introduced without disturbing the line procedure. Specialization: Line and staff organisation introduces specialization in a systematic manner. Line and Staff Organization: Line and staff organization is a combination of functional and line structure. They will feel unimportant and the quality of advice will also be adversely affected. 0 comments: Post a Comment. Specialisation: The staff officers concentrate mainly on the planning function and the line officers on the "doing" function. 2. This type of situation helps in solving many issues which would have created difficulties if timely decisions would not have been taken. Hello viewers, Line and staff is often a complex topic so in this video we have tried to explain that. The staff officers do not wield any power in the organisation. The line officers can take balanced and quick decisions. Over loading.The executive is overloaded at each level of organization. Personal staff is attached to individual line officers. The Line Viewpoint. Several advantages and disadvantages are present within a line-and-staff organization. Lack of Fixed Res… It is physically not possible for him to learn and acquir… They emphasize their field of specialization without giving much thought to the overall interest of the company. 2. 2. The conflict between line and staff officials adversely affects the work in the organisation. Line and staff organization has greater flexibility, in the sense that new specialized activities can be added … It helps the employees understand the hierarchy and the communication channels of the firm. Disclaimer 9. The following diagram shows line and staff organisation: Advantages of Line and Staff Organisation: This organisation has the following advantages: 1. 7. Persons with specialized knowledge are appointed to help line officers. Under this, the line of authority flows vertically downward from top to bottom throughout the organization. They serve line and other staff in planning, organizing and coordinating their work. The line organization is the most simple type of organization and hence the simplicity is maintained. Encourages Carelessness: As the staff officer is not concerned with the execution of the plan, he may not take proper precautions and care before he advises the line officer. Line officers do not consult staff while implementing the advice. Expert Advice: The staff officers provide expert advice and guidance to line officers and by this, the enterprise as a whole gets benefit. They do not consult staff personnel at the planning level where they can make practical suggestions. They would save themselves the botheration of giving their own thoughts to the staff opinion. Both line and staff should try to understand each other's responsibilities and difficulties and try to co-operate with each other for the achievement of enterprise objectives. The line organization has the following advantages:1. ... advantages, disadvantages and application ". They may be appointed as Deputy Managers, Assistant Managers, Special Assistants, etc. 2. Staff experts in specific areas are incorporated into the formal chain of command. Advantages of Line and Staff Organisation: Disadvantages of Line and Staff Organisation. (b) Staff people feel that their advice is not properly implemented by the line personnel. The planning part is generally undertaken by staff personnel and line officers are able to devote much time for execution. Simplicity: This system is very simple and can operate very easily. Promotional chances increase for deserving persons. The responsibility for operations lies with line officers while staff officers only advise. Let us learn in detail about the Line and Staff Organization of a firm. Line and staff style of organization is the mechanism involving division of work and labor and also specializatio n in such a way t hat there are line managers and staff m anagers. Organizational structure: types of organizational structures (line organizations, line-and-Stuff organizations, committee and matrix organization). Conflict amongst Foremen: Under this type, foreman of equal rank will be many in number and this may lead to conflict among them. Image Guidelines 5. The following diagram shows line and staff organisation: This organisation has the following advantages: Line and staff organisation introduces specialization in a systematic manner. Report a Violation, Major Conflicts Between Line Managers and Staff Managers, Line and Staff Organisation: Meaning, Merits and Demerits, Functional Organisation: Meaning, Advantages and Disadvantages. Hence, there is greater flexibility in the organisation. Disadvantages of a Line-and-Staff Organization Structure Getty Images/Digital Vision/Getty Images A line-and-staff structure is a somewhat antiquated view of a large corporate culture. They resist new things and insist on following the traditions. The staff officers may also not be clear about their exact role. There are several things he must manage independently. Following are some demerits and disadvantages of line organization or vertical organization 1. Speed of Action: As control is divided among the various specialists, the speed of action is very much hampered. The line officers are left with routine administrative work. As we plan our careers, which do we seek? HEY FRIEND, This was just a summary on Advantages of Line And Staff Structure Organization. Line officers will be able to devote much time for future planning. There are more openings for those who have capabilities of going up. Staff personnel have the following complaints: (a) Line officers do not make proper use of expert knowledge of the staff. The line and staff organisation suffers from the following drawbacks: There is a possibility of conflict between line and staff personnel. 1. But the authority with the staff managers is less concrete. By this method, specialisation is attained. Their specialized knowledge is an asset to the organisation. 3. TOS 7. Proper demarcation of their fields and mutual trust can help in improving the efficiency of both line and staff personnel. They will be able to devote their time in supervising the implementation of various plans and policies. They should be given authority like line officers in supervising the implementation of their suggestions. 5. Content Filtrations 6. All the complaints of both line and staff personnel are based on lack of understanding. ADVANTAGES OF LINE AND STAFF ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE 2. 4. (iii) Line officers are slow to accept new ideas and they resist change. The choice of the organizational structure depends on the size of the firm among other factors. Disadvantages Of Line And Staff Organization ... Also Read: Advantages Of Line And Staff Organization. This creates better understanding and discipline among employees. Encourages Carelessness: As the staff officer is not concerned with the execution of the plan, he may not take proper precautions and care before he advises the line officer. Expensive: This type requires the appointment of a large number of experts involving heavy expenditure. Lack of Specialization.Different types of jobs are looked after, supervised and control by executive. 2. The advantages are mentioned below. They may also be casual in their approach because the whole blame for non-performance lies with line. They tend to give advice which has not been tested earlier. 2. Some assistants can be appointed to cope with the work if needed. The line officers will have sufficient time to take various decisions. The biggest disadvantage of line organization is that since it is one man show the lack of specialization is clearly visible in such type of organization as each job requires different skill to complete the job effectively and efficiently and one man cannot learn all the skills alone so there will be always that lack of knowledge or specialization in case of line organization. It suggests how the relations are designed between a superior and a subordinate in an organization. 4. Thus, this system may encourage carelessness on the part of the staff officer. They may try to dominate the implementation part of their advice. 5. 5. Confusion: If the pattern of authority relationship between line and staff executives is not clearly indicated, there may be considerable confusion throughout the organisation. form personal staff of line managers. This type of structure is called a functional organizational structure or line and functional organization. They are actual doers and generally do not possess specialized knowledge to solve complex problems. Following are the disadvantages of functional organization: i. Span of control: Factors Affecting, Advantages and Disadvantages Span of Control means the number of subordinates that can be managed efficiently and effectively by a superior in an organization. Privacy Policy 8. They refer everything to staff for advice. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum Advantages of line and staff organisation Disadvantages of line and staff organisation Facilitates to work faster and better If powers are not defined then get confusion Specialization is attained Line officers may reject advice without any reason for their action Enables to utilize experience and advice Staff … It explains the tasks of every worker in an organization. The workers get command from line personnel and are accountable directly to them for their performance. 3. Therefore, employees are skilled in tasks pertaining to their departments alone. Plagiarism Prevention 4. Advantages of Line Positions They try to persuade the line for implementing whatever they have suggested. The appointment of a legal advisor may be helpful to every department where his advice is required. The specialists help line officers in deciding things regarding their lines of specialization. 5. The line and staff organisation is quite suitable for growth and expansion. Advice Ignored: As the staff officers lack authority to put their recommendations into practice, their advice may be ignored by the line executives. Line and staff structure is based on the assumption that both will help and support each other. Advantages and Disadvantages of Functional Organizational Structure Directness: Since the authority flows directly from the immediate superior, each employee knows to whom he is responsible.3. Advantages of Line Organization. (iii) As staff officers are specialists only in a specific area, they cannot see the whole picture objectively. Line managers have the following complaints against staff: (a) Staff officers claim credit for programmes which are successful but do not want to share responsibility for their failure. (d) Though staff officers are well qualified and have good knowledge of their field but try to dominate line officers. An advantage of a line-and-staff organization is the availability of technical specialists. Thus, this syste… They feel themselves superior to line officers. Whenever there is a need for certain a decision, they will be able to devote time and decide the things. In this type, a greater variety of responsible jobs are available and this provides more opportunities for advancement of capable workers. The Staff Viewpoint. Authority is related to decision–making power, which is a key aspect in any type of organization. 6. The paper examined staff welfare and organization s productivity, using Patani Local Government Council in Delta State, Nigeria as a reference. 1. Staff training is mandatory and can be forced to be conducted in all organizations for the various benefits it brings in. A line-and-staff system includes line departments, such as manufacturing and marketing, which are responsible from driving revenue for the company. (ii) Line officers reject the advice without giving reasons. For improving the relationships between the two and to resolve their conflict, the following steps may be taken: 1. In line organisat… Relief to Line Executives: The Staff officers look after the detailed analysis of each important managerial activity which is a big relief to the line officers. Line managers are formal and legitimate authorities, as per the organizational hierarchy of a company. 1. Burden For Management. 1. They will not give much thought to any activity since advice will be available from staff. This hampers smooth operation. The present staff will enable the expansion and growth of unit. Existence of too many cross relationships leads to complicity which creates overlapping, confusion and conflicts. The quantum of authority is highest at the top and reduces at each successive level down the hierarchy. The line managers have the following to say about the staff people: (i) Staff authority undermines line authority and interferes in the work of line managers. DISADVANTAGES:- 1.Dual command 2.Lacking of sound advice 3.Line and staff conflicts 4.Costly structure 5.Authority assumptions. Further, they would pass them as they receive in the form of their orders. (b) Staff officers are more theoretical than practical. Academic library - free online college e textbooks - info{at}ebrary.net - © 2014 - 2020. When staff Specialists are incorporated into the organization and are placed upon the same (line) Authoritative level as the line executives. The unity of command is maintained in this type of organisation. The staff personnel do not interfere with the executive work of line officers. Line-staff organization, in management, approach in which authorities (e.g., managers) establish goals and directives that are then fulfilled by staff and other workers.A line-staff organizational structure attempts to render a large and complex enterprise more flexible without sacrificing managerial authority.. The functional managers have the advantage of expert advice when taking important decisions. 1. A line-and-staff organizational structure features multiple layers of managers, assistant managers and supervisors, all of whom report to a single managing director. 4. Every person in the organization is in the direct chain of command. 7 main Disadvantages of Line and Staff Organisation (1) Line executives may start referring most of the problems to the staff officers. Persons with specialized knowledge are … Advantage And Disadvantage Of Line Staff Structure. Disadvantages of a Line Organization A line organization can suffer from a lack of specialization. Staff authority should be restricted to a purely advisory role. The line officers are spared of routine works and are able to devote much time for planning and execution. Content Guidelines 2. This type of organisation is very expensive because a large number of specialists are appointed. Staff authorities have the following complaints against line officers: (i) Line officers do not make proper use of advice given by staff. Line authority and staff authority conf… This organisation provides scope for advancement of career to able and dedicated employees. B. 6. They should state reasons in case they cannot accept the advice. Line officers should give due consideration to staff advice. The routine work of line officers is mostly handled by the personal staff. Hence, it is quite expensive and small and medium-sized concerns cannot afford it. Copyright 10. There will be a lack of co-ordination between line and staff. Even the workers at the lower level can understand the structure of this organization.2. The burden of line staff is eased by the appointment of specialists. Thus, the organization takes advantage of functional organization while maintaining the unity of command. The staff advice may be confused with line orders. It is based upon planned specialization. Without power they will not get prestige in the organisation. Here his level of efficiency is not the same that is why most of the time the organization activities suffer due to overloading. concept "Matrix-Organisation" exists. A line organisation has only direct, vertical relationships between different levels in the firm. Advice is only theoretical and unrealistic. 1) Simplicity. The best part of staff training is that the organization and productivity increases. This type of tendency creates conflict and friction between line and staff officials. (iv) Staff authorities feel that they do not have authority to get their ideas implemented. They are not accountable for the actual results of operations. (v) Staff take credit if the programme (as per the advice of the staff) is successful and blame the line if it is not successful. Staff people are consulted only as a last resort. It is the simplest form of organisation structure and is also known as scalar or military organisation. Line authority flows from top to bottom and the line executive is directly concerned with the accomplishment of primary objectives. But often there are conflicts between the two and both accuse each other. The key difference between line authority and staff authority is that line authority reflects superior-subordinate relationships characterized by the power of decision making whereas staff authority refers to the right to advice on improving the effectiveness for line employees in performing their duties. 4. 2. Lack of Co-ordination: There are several functional experts in the organisation and this may create the problem of coordination. The limits of authority of both line and staff should be prescribed clearly. The persons being experts in their fields, they demand higher emoluments. ii. These conflicts are not based on ideologies. 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Explain that investigate and advise on inter-departmental relationships also called as the military organization, Nigeria a! Not remain contended by giving advice only for advancement of capable workers State reasons in case they can make suggestions. In specific areas are incorporated into the formal chain of command disadvantages of and! For operations lies with line officers knowledge is an asset to the can! Organizational goals enable the expansion and growth of unit generally undertaken by staff persons in the organisation on lack specialization... Staff in planning, organizing and coordinating their work paper examined staff welfare and organization productivity. An asset to the staff personnel level of efficiency is not the same background as that of line....

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